The history of Jewish life in Rothenburg

The Jewish section

Where? On the ground floor in room 10

What? In a former storeroom of the monastery you will find an overview of Jewish life in Rothenburg ob der Tauber, which had a decisive influence on the town as early as the 13th century. Expelled from the Rhineland, Jews settled in Rothenburg and drove the town development forward. In the Judaica collection you will find Jewish gravestones from the Middle Ages and information about Rabbi Meir ben Baruch as well as objects of Jewish life from all over Franconia.

What must be seen? The pogrom stone reports in Hebrew script about the victims of the so-called Rintfleisch pogrom from 1298, when many Jews in the region fell victim to the followers of the agitator. The stone was created a little later, and the text commemorates the victims. The stone reappears documented in the early 20th century in the Blasius Chapel, before it disappeared and was probably mounted under an imperial eagle as a pedestal during the time of the “Third Reich”. Here the pogrom stone was found again in 1980, restored and transferred to the museum.